Anthony August 1, 2019

The basic principles and elements of design. These elements of design include space, line, form, light, colour, texture and pattern. Getting these elements to work together and keeping them balanced is the best way to create appealingly interiors. Let’s look at each of these elements:


Space is the actual three dimensional space (height, width and breadth) that you have to work with. It is the foundation of the entiredesign plan. The space can be negative – if it’s empty, or positive – if it’s already filled with items like furniture, décor, etc.


The lines in the room guide the eye and establish a sense of harmony. Horizontal lines are created by furniture like couches, beds and tables. Vertical lines are created by your windows, doorways and cupboards. Dynamic lines are those that add drama like stairs.


Form refers to the shape of the space as well as the items within that space. Forms can be geometric (manmade) or natural. They are also open or closed. Open is like your living room which you can walk into, while closed forms are the furniture, plants and items of décor. Understanding these forms helps create the right mood. For example, using circular forms in a space makes it feel more relaxed and light.


There are two main types of light – natural and artificial. Planning and placement of the windows and doors takes care of natural light. There are three types of artificial light – task, ambient and accent. Ambient lighting fills the room with light while task lighting throws light on specific areas. Accent lighting are those pieces of light that are used to accentuate certain décor items or paintings/photographs.


Responsible for setting most of the mood of the room, colour is one of the most important and fun elements of interior design. The colour palate and scheme can depend on the characteristics of the dweller or the desired fell of the space. Each colour, hue and intensity stimulates specific psychological responses from our body. For example, red entices the appetite and that’s why is a common colour in restaurants and kitchens.


Texture is how the surface looks and feels. It adds depth to the room and gives it a unique dimension. There are two forms of it – actual and visual. Actual texture is that which can be felt – like a fluffy pillow, while visual texture is the impression we get just by viewing the object – like a wood-effect tile that looks like wood but feels like tile.


Just like texture, patterns add to the look and appeal of the room. It is the repetitive design that can be found throughout like the rugs, cushions, curtains, wallpapers, etc. They can be of various types like floral, stripes, geometric shapes, animal print, etc.

Understanding these elements and principles of design helps create harmony in any space. Now you not only can have more ideas for designing your own space, you’ll also know what your interior designer is talking about when he/she explains the plans to you.

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